If given a choice of response on a scalethey will usually opt for the middle point, and often tend to miss out subsections to questions. The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: Interviewing for social scientists: The method must be appropriate to fulfilling the overall aims of the study.
Research methodology is the guidebook of research and is a science in itself. Quantitative, or qualitative, or a mixture of both. If the method you choose lies outside of the tradition of your field [i.
The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing.
The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. Methodology refers to a discussion of the underlying reasoning why particular methods were used.
If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. Research design is vital to conducting a good piece of work. It may be helpful to draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in what sequence.
Save how you interpreted the findings for the discussion section]. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis of a research problem, the methodology section generally requires a more elaborate description of the methods used as well as an explanation of the processes applied to gathering and analyzing of data than is generally required for studies using quantitative methods.
In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. Bryman would be a useful starting point.
And, how was it analyzed. Thematically analyse results and relate these findings to others from your other research methods. Expecting people to pay to return postal questionnaires is sheer folly, and drawing up a really lengthy questionnaire will also inhibit response rates.
How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range e.
It can be said that research methods aim at finding solutions to research problems.
If other data sources exist, explain why the data you chose is most appropriate to addressing the research problem. Key Questions Does the data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.
You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Focus groups A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning.
Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour. Research methods in brief Look at the very brief outlines of different methods below. Research methods can be used alone to solve a problem, or explore a question as part of a piece of work.
They can also be a key part of writing a thesis or dissertation. For more about this, see our section on Writing a Dissertation, and particularly Writing Your Methodology. Research Methodology Defined. A research method is a systematic plan for conducting research. Sociologists draw on a variety of both qualitative and quantitative research methods, including.
Outlining your methodology lies at the core of your paper, and fulfills one of the basic principles underlying the scientific method. Lesson A Assessing the Methodology of the Study: There are four main aspects of the research methodology: design, sampling, data collection, the data analysis.
If inappropriate methodology is used, or if appropriate methodology is used poorly, the results of a study could be misleading. A methodology is the design process for carrying out research or the development of a procedure and is not in itself an instrument, or method, or procedure for doing things.
Methodology and method are not. Observational research is a group of different research methods where researchers try to observe a phenomenon without interfering too much. Observational research methods, such as the case study, are probably the furthest removed from the established scientific method.Methodology of the research